Territorial anchorage of private serviced apartments in the Paris region (Île-de-France): A geography of financialized real-estate products? (1 encadré, 6 fig., 1 tabl.)
This article offers a snapshot of the serviced apartment market in the Paris region (Île-de-France), which includes four types of establishments: student housing, senior residences, tourist accommodations, and retirement homes. It shows how these investment products, generally designed for individual investors, are the result of a financialization process affecting metropolitan rental markets. The territorial anchorage of these residences, which balances the preferences of investors, tenants, and producers, is analyzed using several databases (Clameur, Grecam, Sitadel, Census Data), one of which was specifically developed for this study.
keywords: TERRITORIAL ANCHORAGE, FINANCIALIZATION, ÎLE-DE-FRANCE, RENTAL MARKET, RESIDENCE, SERVICE
From “new villages” to “single family homes in villages”. A comparison of the morphology and location of planned unit developments in the metropolitan region of Paris (3 encadrés, 8 fig., 2 tabl.)
This paper aims to analyze the characteristics and location logics of the planned unit developments in Paris metropolitan region. This kind of single family homes programs is easily identifiable due to a clear juridical definition and to some particular procedures of production. If suburban housing as a whole is often denounced as a major contributor to urban sprawl, we show that these programs can no longer be considered as one of the ‘‘pioneers’’ of the phenomenon. A comparison with some ‘‘New Villages’’ operations in the 1960s highlights the continuities and transformations in their location logics and morphologies.
keywords: ÎLE-DE-FRANCE, SUBURBAN HOUSING, SUBURBANISATION, URBAN SPRAWL
The socio-spatial division within mid-size US cities. Research issues based on the notion of discontinuity (3 fig., 1 photo, 1 tabl.)
The social division of space is unclear for the intermediate levels of urban hierarchy in the US. Principles created for larger cities are often applied to these mid-size agglomerations, despite the fact that the latter are often described as ideal. This article explores different issues of the social and spatial dynamics in mid-size American cities using the notion of discontinuity. The challenges are twofold: to define a specific category for urban hierarchy and to understand the logic of their inner social separation and discontinuities, a key notion due to the smaller size of the cities and to its multidimensional definition.
keywords: DISSIMILARITY, SEGREGATION, SPATIAL PATTERN, URBAN HIERARCHY
Bio Mohamadou TOROU, Constructing space: Local water agencies and committees in Burkina Faso (5 fig., 3 tabl.)
Over the last 20 years, Burkina Faso has engaged in reforms promoting integrated water resources management that are in line with dominant water discourses. The strong institutional drive outlines a spatialisation of water management, based on the watershed's hydrographic boundaries. The approach however remains top-down and does not acknowledge local views and efforts. There is a need to support local initiatives as they play a crucial role in constructing space, hence sustainably shaping the ways water resources are used and governed.
keywords: PLACE, RESOURCES MANAGEMENT, SPACE, WATER, WEST AFRICA
(6 fig., 3 tabl.)
Agricultural runoff depends on land use and its spatial distribution within the watershed; with land use being dependent on the socio-economic context. By studying the Pays de Caux (France), we explored the impact of future context changes on this phenomenon through the environmental assessment of prospective scenarios at the watershed level. This approach involves spatializing narrative scenarios. We made choices during this step that affected runoff volumes at the watershed outlet, which policy makers should be aware of in order to facilitate the decision-making process for public policies.
keywords: LAND USE, RUNOFF, SCENARIO, SPATIAL PROSPECTIVE, WATERSHED
In this issue of l’Espace géographique, you will find critical reviews of the following books
DIAMOND J. (2013). Le Monde jusqu’à hier. Ce que nous apprennent les sociétés traditionnelles. Paris: Gallimard, coll. «NRF Essais», 568 p. (Claude Bataillon, cnrs) ISBN: 978-2-07-013939-2
RECLUS É. (2014). Les Grands Textes. Paris: Flammarion, 503 p. Textes choisis et présentés par Christophe Brun. (Federico Ferretti, université de Genève) ISBN: 978-2-08-128990-1
IMBERT C., DUBUCS H., DUREAU F., GIROUD M. (2014). D’une métropole à l’autre. Pratiques urbaines et circulations dans l’espace européen. Paris: Armand Colin, coll. «Recherches», 487 p. (Thérèse Saint-Julien, université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) ISBN: 978-2-200-28920-1
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Last modified: August 7, 2014