Olivier ORAIN, Catherine RHEIN. Convictions
Geographic combinaisons and social arrangements in the rural space (1 tabl.)
This article examines urban multifunctionality through a spatial prism, distinguishing the spatiality of both traditional and modern farmers, of rurbans, and of wildlife. Their interference in a single place creates functional blocks that innovative social arrangements can sometimes resolve. Case studies illustrate the conditions of emergence of these phenomena, which depend on combinations of agricultural and wildlife spatialities but also on the insertion of environmental areas associated with residential spatiality. We discuss the geopolitical and social reasons that have led to the lack of knowledge concerning the spatial effects of rurban modernization.
keywords: AGRICULTURE, COMBINAISON, RURBAN, SOCIAL ARRANGEMENTS, SPATIALITY
The diversity of suburban fringes landscapes: Which indicators to characterize the rural-urban interface – two cases of grounds of Ile-de-France
Taking into account the recent development of the planning statements on urban fringes, this paper proposes a method to characterize these interface landscapes, starting from two sectors in Ile-de-France. The criterions combine shape, accessibility, equipment and inter-visibility from cartographic data and local information defining several types of fringes. The results are improving the existing documents and promote a debate on the characteristics often assigned to these fringes (shifting, unskilled, rough confrontation between urban and rural), which must be observed with discernment.
keywords: FRINGE, ILE-DE-FRANCE, LANDSCAPE, LANDSCAPE ANALYSIS, METRICS, PERIURBAN
The spatial integration of private, serviced appartment for senior citizens in France: Strategies of implementation and diffusion (6 fig.; 2 tabl.)
This article presents a geographical analysis of private, serviced apartments for senior citizens in France. A census method is proposed to investigate spatial and temporal variations in senior housing. These variations oscillate between ubiquity, haliotropism, and heliotropism, with a focus on dense urban areas, which suggest preferential development logics on behalf of real estate developers. Though implementation and diffusion strategies – such as proximity to amenities and dense urban areas – can be identified, the trend is nevertheless to expand beyond these first areas implementation in order to gain an increasing share of the market.
keywords: FRANCE, PRIVATE SERVICE APARTMENT, RETIRED, SENIOR HOUSING
Noëlvia SEDOARISOA, Housing prices and the proximity of the Paris – Charles-de-Gaulle (CDG) airport (2 encadrés; 6 fig.; 3 tabl.)
Airports were built on the outskirts of agglomerations, in zones offering large tracts of land. Populations have densified in these areas despite the noise pollution and the constraints of Noise Exposure Plans (NEP) due to the vast array of economic opportunities available. The impact on the price of real estate has been analysed by applying a hedonic pricing method and evaluating the consequences in terms of environmental inequalities and social justice. The results for France's largest airport, Paris – Charles-de-Gaulle, are compared to trends observed airports both in France and abroad.
keywords: AIRPORT, ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE, HEDONIC PRICE, HOUSING MARKET, NOISE POLLUTION
In this issue of l’Espace géographique, you will find critical reviews of the following books
Brunet R. (2016). Trésor du terroir. Les noms de lieux de la France. Paris: CNRS Éditions, 656 p. (Jean-Louis Tissier, université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) ISBN: 978-2-271-08816-1
Brunet R. (2016). Atlas de la Touraine. La Crèche (Deux-Sèvres): Geste Éditions, 254 p. (Armand Frémont) ISBN: 978-2-36746-499-2
Prévélakis G.S. (2016). Poioi Eimaste. Geopolitiki tis Ellenikis Tavtotitas (Ποιοί είμαστε; Γεωπολιτική της ελληνικής ταυτότητας) [Qui sommes-nous? Géopolitique de l’identité grecque]. Athènes: Economica, 220 p. (Michel Bruneau, CNRS Bordeaux) ISBN: 978-960-9490-37-5
Hom S.M. (2015). The Beautiful Country. Tourism and the Impossible State of Destination Italy. Toronto, Buffalo, Londres: University of Toronto Press, 314 p. (Jean-Christophe Gay, université Nice Sophia Antipolis) ISBN: 978-1-4426-4872-2
Magrin G., Dubresson A., Ninot O. (2016). Atlas de l’Afrique. Un continent émergent? Paris: Éditions Autrement, coll. «Atlas/Monde», 96 p. (Jean-Luc Piermay, université de Strasbourg) ISBN: 978-2-7467-4274-1
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Last modified: May 3, 2017