Archeology and geography
Sandrine ROBERT. Spatial dynamics at the intersection of Archeology and Geography
Integration of geographical and spatial archaeological concepts for the study of settlement systems (7 fig.)
The structure and evolution of settlement systems are objects of study for archeologists and geographers. Each discipline has its own practices. Considerable advances have been made in the last two decades as a result of the crossing of methodologies from these two disciplines and consideration of settlement environments and their interactions. The paper shows how this interdisciplinary research is connected to more classic research in archeology, and how it has led to advances in the understanding of the structuring of settlement and land-use development in the long term.
keyword: ARCHAEOLOGY, LONG TERM, SETTLEMENT NETWORK, SETTLEMENT SYSTEM, SPATIAL INTERACTIONS
Revisiting the dynamics linking society and form; between archeology and geography (3 fig.)
The interplay between archaeology, history, and geography has enabled a reappraisal of our stratified view of the organization of space. Concepts such as self-organization and resilience have been used to model the long term dynamics of forms and patterns and to understand the role of various actors. Forms are constructed gradually as societies successively re-appropriate them.
keyword: MORPHOLOGY, RESILIENCE, SELF-ORGANISATION, URBAN FABRIC, TIME, TRANSMISSION
Germain, Victor, Martin and others. Urban morphology and socio-ecclesiastical practices in Paris during the IX-XIIth and the XIXth centuries (5 fig., 2 tabl.)
Conducting research on the ‘‘fabrique urbaine’’ (the process of developing urbanscapes) implies comparing the study of social practices during pre-industrial periods with the output of planimetric forms. The former is approached through written sources and the latter through the morphological characteristics of spaces studied at the start of the 20th century. The present article focuses specifically on the churches of Saint-Victor, Saint-Germain-l’Auxerrois, and Sainte-Geneviève (Paris). This illustrates how a religious or secular community indirectly structures the urban fabric through its life choices. Changes in the city are the result of the community’s relationship to the world, its decision to either maintain its distance with lay populations or on the contrary encourage even closer proximity.
keyword: BUILDING, CADASTRAL SURVEY, CHURCH, FABRIQUE URBAINE, MIDDLE AGES
The construction of geo-historical references: a challenge for inter-disciplinarity in historical sciences Diasporas et représentations (5 fig., 2 photos)
The construction of a common geographical referential, can today enable researchers from various disciplines (archeologists, geographers, historians, computer specialists) to work together. The development of collaborative tools (geographical information systems, webGIS) facilitates these exchanges.
keyword: GEOHISTORICAL DATABASES, GIS, WEBGIS
Diasporas and representations
Temporal continuity, spatial contiguity and creation of a social entity’s own world. The case of the Chinese diaspora
This article seeks to determine how a spatially dispersed social entity can reproduce itself. The proposed answer is that reproduction is achieved through the creation of a world specific to the diaspora (a world appropriated to its existence). Several processes are involved in this creation: representation and awareness of the dispersion, which underpin the formation of a collective subjectivity; the integration of the question of origin which enables the invention of a temporal (genealogical) continuity among individuals; the approximation of individuals, which enables the conversion of invented genealogical time into an imagined spatial contiguity, thus articulating a space and a time specific to the diaspora, an appropriated time-space.
keyword: APPROPRIATE-WORLD, APPROXIMATION OF INDIVIDUALS, DIASPORA, MIGRATION, SPATIAL CONTIGUITY, TEMPORAL CONTINUITY
The obscure future of the Kyoto protocol (1 table)
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Last modified: February 5, 2014