Roger Brunet. The geography exercises in the baccalauréat. purpose and ways to achieve the innovation. interview with Gilbert Gaudin.
Should the geography paper in the baccalauréat be redesigned? (3 fig.)
After the confusion caused by the cartography exercise in the baccalauréat (French secondary leaving certificate), worsened by the chaotic circulation of instructions on the Internet, the proposed corrections risk distorting the nature of the exercise. The authors argue in favour of saving the project by designing a nationwide core unit in cartography.
keywords: BACCALAUREAT, CARTOGRAPHY, MAP, SKETCH, INTERNET
Jean-François Joly, Roger Reineri. The map is first and foremost a tool for teaching geography (7 fig.)
The inclusion of cartography exercises in the baccalauréat offers an opportunity to reflect on teaching methods and strategies so as to prepare students more efficiently ; but it is first and foremost a reminder that geography cannot exist without maps.
keywords: BACCALAUREAT, CARTOGRAPHICAL FIGURES, DIAGRAM, MAP, SKETCH
Roger Brunet. Memory and identity: geography for the baccalauréat and before (2 fig.)
The new geography exercises for the baccalauréat and the distinction made between map, diagram and sketch are consistent with the very logic of geography teaching and geographical analysis. Highlighting the memory and identity of places and territories, this exercise must focus on the «diagram», i.e. identifying forms in reference to models.
keywords: CHOREMATICS, IDENTITY, MAP, MEMORY, MODEL, TEACHING
Michel Favory. The department of Gironde and its metropolisation. (5 fig.)
This paper proposes a model of the spatial organisation of Gironde derived from the Bordeaux influence and the historic action of the State and the current territorial authorities. The department is undergoing rapid metropolisation, in line with both the continuity of territorial development in Gironde and the expansion of urbanised space, between the Atlantic and the rural inland. The spatial changes have different frameworks that constrain the department's territorial action.
keywords: BORDEAUX, GIRONDE, METROPOLISATION, SPATIAL MODEL
Jean-Pierre Chevalier, Didier Mendibil. Twenty central european towns in four Géographies Universelles (4 fig.)
A comparative study of twenty Central European towns described in four french Geographies universelles brings to light two centuries of evolution of the towns and two centuries of geographical thought and geographical discourse.
keywords: EPISTEMOLOGY, EUROPE, GÉOGRAPHIE UNIVERSELLE, HISTORY OF GEOGRAPHY, TOWN
Cécile Chombard-Gaudin. The meandering development of a loop of the seine (9 fig.)
The closure of the Renault factory in Boulogne-Billancourt sparked a decade of projects for redeveloping a whole loop of the Seine. These projects reflect political and economic trends and the constraints generated by the privatisation of the company under European competition policy.
keywords: BOULOGNE-BILLANCOURT, REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, RENAULT, TOWN PLANNING, VAL-DE-SEINE
Dominique Gresle-Pouligny. The image of corsica in the 15th and 16th century isolarii (5 fig.)
With the major seafaring discoveries of the 1500s, the field of recorded islands was enriched on the Atlantic side. With their efflorescence in Italy, the isolarii, or registers of islands, continue a cartographical genre that covers these «continental dust specks». Corsica is part of the mediterranean archipelago.
keywords: CORSICA, ISLAND, HISTORICAL CARTOGRAPHY, MEDITERRANEAN
Book reviews (Roger Brunet)
Mappemonde 3/99Mappemonde 1/00
For subscribe or buy this issue: BELIN
Last modified: April 14, 2000