L’Espace géographique 1/96

Without summaries


Roger BRUNET. 25 years old.

Henri REYMOND. Defence and illustration of a didactical academic geography: on Jacques Scheibling's book Qu'est-ce que la géographie?

Contrary to Jacques Scheibling's assertion, theoretical and quantitative geography is in full expansion. His erroneous opinion is based on a lack of understanding of its reasoning methods (of its kind, the modelling counterexample of Foggia has yet to be equalled) and on an ignorance of the fact that, along with the others sciences, it is at present evolving by exploiting for its own thematics the increasing possibilities offered by computer sciences concerning controlled simulation of the living world's complexification processes. Basically, this article is in turn a rectification an overhauling or a lecture depending on wether Jacques Scheibling's text is defective, false or simply too incomplete. Qu'est-ce que la Géographie? is a pernicious book in regard to student minds as yet uninformed of the contents of the following key words which are the main anchorage points of this short clarification.

Roger BRUNET. Geographical ways: the situation is clearing up.

The critique of Jacques Scheibling's book, Qu'est- ce que la géographie?, by Henri Reymond is useful. Nevertheless, the way in which chorematics is approached needs further explanation. Researching and interpreting spatial organisation forms represent a significant task for geographers. Chorematics is one of the proposed ways. Far from opposing mathematical approaches, it is based on them and needs them.It assumes that these spatial organisation forms emerge from social behaviours, which compromise with inheritances and neighbours' pressure. The epistemological backgrounds of this approach are reminded. The debate will be useful if serene.

Henri REYMOND. Geographical ways (II): outline of a logbook.

Brigitte BACCAÏNI. Recent evolution of commutations in Île-de-France. (8 tabl., 2 fig.)

The extent of commutations is strongly affected by the various sociodemographic characteristics of the working population, especially their professional group. Professional and residential strategies, i.e. the possibility to reduce their commutations when moving to a different residence or workplace, are also influenced by this characteristics. People living in Île-de-France who have commuted for ten years have, on the average, reduced the geographical extent of their commutations during this decade. The global increase observed on the whole population is due to a double process of modification of the structure of the working population and of the loosening of housing and employment. On an individual scale, the decrease of commutations has generally been achieved by changing the workplace instead of the residence. People are differently affected according to their sex and professsion.

Dominique BADARIOTTI. Political project and town planning: the Strasbourg of Pierre Pflimlin (1959-1983). (1 fig.)

Bernard JOUVE. The Franco-Swiss Geneva conurbation: a conflict between neighbours or a reconstruction of territory? (3 fig.)

Jean-Michel EBERHARD. Urban districts typology set up from a landscape systematic description method. (1 tabl., 8 fig.)

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Last modified: April 24, 1996