Équipe MIT. Tourism development: an analytical tool (3 fig.)
At a time when tourism appears to be the only way out of economic crisis for some places, decision makers need appropriate tools to identify the viability of the proposals submitted to them. The model proposed in this paper aims to respond to these practical concerns, and also to theoretical questions. Establishing relevant variables to ascertain the tourism dimension of a place is a first step towards defining the invariants of tourism development.
keywords: CRITERIA, FRANCE, SPATIAL DYNAMICS, TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
Philippe Violier. Views of tourist sites in the world (2 fig.)
International tourism is interpreted here as a channel of globalisation, which reveals its fundamental characteristics: polarisation on a global scale and the historicity of spatial disparities. Tourism is also one of the possible trajectories for the integration of places into the global sphere. Revealed and constructed by tourism, some places in the world have achieved a place in the global hierarchy.
keywords: GLOBALISATION, INTERNATIONAL TOURISM
Olivier Lazzarotti. Heritage and tourism: linked together in a globalised world (1 fig.)
Tourism and heritage are often linked. This can be verified by correlating the number of sites on Unesco's World Heritage List and the number of international tourist visitors. This validates the hypothesis that heritage and tourism stem from the same value system, the global dissemination follows the same logic of ordering the world.
keywords: CORRELATION COEFFICIENT, GLOBALISATION, HERITAGE, TOURISM
Philippe Moyen. From the Rome of bricks to an empire in stone: a geohistorical model of the Roman empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries (11 fig.)
Drawing on archeological, literary and historical sources, this paper proposes a spatial model of the organisation of the only empire in history to occupy both shores of the Mediterranean. A geo-historic monster of extreme cohesion, the empire weighed heavily on space and distorted it, transforming the ancient world into a Roman system.
keywords: CENTRE-PERIPHERY, GRAVITATION, ROMAN EMPIRE, SPATIAL MODEL
Dissymetrical uses of a delta. Settlement and development of the Chao Phraya Delta (Thailand) (3 fig.)
The Chao Phraya Delta once had a specific ecological organisation. The disruption of the original symmetries dates back to the nineteenth century, when the state developed the portions left vacant by spontaneous colonisation. This appropriation has affected irrigation, the land factor and agricultural, urban and industrial dynamics.
keywords: DELTA, HORTICULTURE, IRRIGATION, LAND FACTOR, RICE, STATE, THAILAND, URBAN APPROPRIATION
Cécile Chombard-Gaudin, Pierre Usselmann. Floods in Aude, southern France : risks and a regulatory framework for risk prevention (6 fig.)
The floods that caused considerable damage in the département of Aude in November 1999 were not unusual. Since these risks are well known, only a determined policy to implement regulatory instruments for prevention and to incorporate risk into the management of space will reduce the consequences of such natural disasters on people's lives and property.
keywords: AUDE, FLOOD, NATURAL RISK, RISK PREVENTION
The urbanisation of the Mediterranean coast (2 fig.)
Using a map that shows the size and growth of towns in the Mediterranean basin, this paper confronts certain widely held views about urbanisation and «coastalisation» with objective facts. This approach shows the need for critical deconstruction and objectification of any object in geography.
keywords: COAST, MEDITERRANEAN, URBANISATION
Jean-Louis Guébourg. Socotra, an island outside of time (7 fig.)
Socotra, an arid horst island off the coast of the Horn of Africa, is a district of Yemen that depends on Aden. Until the 1990s, the island was isolated from the rest of the world by the USSR. The population consists of Bedouin herders, some of whom have taken up fishing activities, and who have been aspiring to a less autarkic lifestyle for the past ten years.
keywords: ISLAND, SOCOTRA, YEMEN
Book reviews (Roger Brunet, Sébastien Caquard, Cécile Gaudin)
Mappemonde 4/99Mappemonde 2/00
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Last modified: April 14, 2000